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Welcome to PlanningSkills.COM

This website focuses on a wide variety of topics related to organization and individual planning situations. The primary focus is business planning.

Planning is an anticipatory decision making process that involves situation analysis, forecasting outcomes and events, evaluating alternative courses of action, anticipating consequences and considering implementation issues and contingencies. Planning often begins with asking one or more questions, for example: What if ...? Could we ...? Do we ...? Is it possible...? How should we respond ...? How can we ...? Is it feasible to ...?

In general, planning is a proactive process that is intended to help individuals, groups and organizations achieve performance objectives.

Featured Glossary Term


Planning is an anticipatory decision making process that involves critical thinking, forecasting, evaluation of alternative courses of actions, anticipation of consequences and consideration of implementation issues and contingencies. Planning is a process that should involve designing a consistent, integrated program of actions that when carried out will accomplish specific goals. Planning is an ongoing process of analysis and action that attempts to keep a person or organization aligned with relevant environmental forces while building on capabilities and strengths and exploiting environmental opportunities while minimizing weaknesses and avoiding environmental threats. Planning involves creating and formulating plans, acquiring resources, allocating resources, and using control and feedback mechanisms to ensure that the plans are carried out and that the goals and objectives developed as part of the plan are achieved.

People have the ability to project situations into the future and mentally rehearse what might occur for alternative courses of action. This ability is called planning and it can be developed as a skill. Some people have better developed planning skills than do others. Group and organizational processes can also enhance the planning abilities and skills of individuals. In general, planning is a proactive process that is intended to help individuals, groups and organizations achieve performance objectives in a wide variety of unpredictable and even turbulent environments.

Featured Planning Tip

Think strategically

In his book the Mind of the Strategist, Japanese strategy consultant, Kenichi Ohmae, wrote "Analysis is the critical starting point of strategic thinking. Faced with problems, trends, events, or situations that appear to constitute a harmonious whole or come packaged as a whole by common sense of the day, the strategic thinker dissects them into their constituent parts. Then, having discovered the significance of these constituents, he reassembles them in a way calculated to maximize his advantage."

He notes "In business as on the battlefield, the object of strategy is to bring about the conditions most favorable to one's own side, judging precisely the right moment to attack or withdraw and always assessing the limits of compromise correctly. Besides the habit of analysis, what marks the mind of the strategist is an intellectual elasticity or flexibility that enables him to come up with realistic responses to changing situations, not simply to discriminate with great precision among different shades of gray. (pp. 12-13)"

It is important to think about competive situations strategically. Such an approach can be reinforced and it is a valued skill.

Ohmae, K., The Mind of the Strategist: The Art of Japanese Business, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982.

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