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Welcome to PlanningSkills.COM

This website focuses on a wide variety of topics related to organization and individual planning situations. The primary focus is business planning.

Planning is an anticipatory decision making process that involves situation analysis, forecasting outcomes and events, evaluating alternative courses of action, anticipating consequences and considering implementation issues and contingencies. Planning often begins with asking one or more questions, for example: What if ...? Could we ...? Do we ...? Is it possible...? How should we respond ...? How can we ...? Is it feasible to ...?

In general, planning is a proactive process that is intended to help individuals, groups and organizations achieve performance objectives.

Featured Glossary Term

Strategic Planning

The following is adapted from George Steiner, Top Management Planning, 1969.

  • Strategic planning is conducted at a higher level of an organization than tactical planning.
  • Strategic planning is both continuous and irregular in response to non-routine stimuli.
  • Strategic planning is heavily dependent upon subjective assessments.
  • Strategic planning usually involves choice among a range of alternatives.
  • Uncertainty is high in strategic planning.
  • The problems confronted by strategic planning are unstructured and usually unique.
  • Strategic planning requires large amounts of information.
  • Strategic planning usually covers a long time period.
  • Strategic planning tends to encompass the entire scope of activity of an organization.
  • Strategic planning constitutes the point of reference or framework for other planning, especially tactical planning.
  • Strategic planning tends to be broad in scope.
  • Strategic planning tends to involve only the senior managers of an organization.
  • The effectiveness and efficiency of a strategy is hard to evaluate.
  • Risks, controversy and innovation are usually involved in development of a strategy.
  • Strategic planning is usually conducted from the perspective of the organization as a whole.

Featured Planning Tip

Remember security -- walls have ears

Never permit the enemy to acquire an unexpected advantage. Monitor competitors and stay vigilant.

During planning processes it is often necessary to maintain secrecy to gain surprise. In many societies, the proverbial wisdom is that "the walls have ears, the doors have eyes". The Japanese proverb is "Kabe ni mimi ari, shoji ni me ari" meaning one may not be fully aware of how closely one is being monitored by others. Planners should take precautions to insure that only those who should know about the planning process and situation and the plans, do know.

"Spies cannot be usefully employed without a certain intuitive sagacity; They cannot be properly managed without benevolence and straight forwardness; Without subtle ingenuity of mind, one cannot make certain of the truth of their reports; Be subtle! be subtle! and use your spies for every kind of warfare; If a secret piece of news is divulged by a spy before the time is ripe, he must be put to death together with the man to whom the secret was told." - Sun Tzu quotes

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Copyright © 2004-12 by D. J. Power (see his home page). PlanningSkills.COMsm is maintained by Alexander P. and Daniel J. Power. Please contact them at with questions. See disclaimer and privacy statement. This page was last modified on Monday, July 30, 2012.